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1 Communities in Kraing Skear commune were partrolling the forest
2 Communities in Boribo district celebrated planting ceremony
3 Communities in Boribo district took illegal logging equipment to Forestry Administration
4 Youth in Pich Changva commune participated in action against illegal logging
5 Communities in Krakor Boribo and Teuk Phos district learned to get UTM for demarkation community forestry
6 Miss Korn Seourm, community member in Pich Changva, was processing rattan.
7 NTFP group in Anhchanh Rung commune show their products.
8 Small girl sold rattan fruit in Anhchanh Rung village.
9 An old woman in Anhchanh Rung village sold the forest fruit.
10 A woman in Trapaing Chan commune sold the bamboo shoot and other forest product.
11 Communities in Boribo, Teuk Phos and Krakor district display their NTFP product in Cambodia Community Forestry Network Meeting in Phnom Penh Hotel.
12 Communities in Krakor district planting their rice at the field.
13 Communities in Anhchanh Rung feed many cows and bafffloes to serve their livelihood and they need Land Forest for those animals.
14 Communities (saving group) in Anhchanh Rung save their money to serve their members in the community.
15
Communities (Cross Network) within Cambodia and ASEAN countries was matching at National Assembly duringASEAN Grassroots People Assembly (AGPA)on 16 September 2012. There are more than 2,000 people that include more than 100 people from Phnom Kuk network where AEC has organised. AGPA had released their statement to demand 5 main issues that include land, human rights and democracy within Cambodia and ASEAN countries. Phnom Kuk network contributed their fund $ 50 dollars during this event that the fund had received from every core villages (village support box) of Phnom Kuk network.
16
Youth and women groups in Trapaing Chan commune patrolled community forestry. They have developed plan for weekly patrolling. On the other hand, they will do any action against illegal logging immediately in case happened. They always cooperate with commune council and forestry affair at commune level. It is not only Trapaing Chan commune but also KraingSkea and Anhchanh Rung communes.
17 AEC and ADHOC in Kg. Chhnang have work together to strengthen communities on land issue and human rights during Phnom Kuk network meeting. In addition, communities always discuss with AEC and human rights NGOs such as ADHOC and Licadho when they face problems.
18 Exchange visit of communities in AEC target area and EHE target area (Kampong Thom province) on June 2012 in PichChangva commune Boribor district Kampong Chhnang province. They had discussed on how to organise women and youth groups and mobilise their own resources for advocacy on land and forest issues.
19
In November 2012, representatives of women groups exchange visit with BeungKak lake community. They was discussed on the strategy of advocacy on land rights and tactique to persuade or lobby outsider to take consideration and help solving their issue, especially housing rights and land rights. Moreover, they had visited BeungKak lake and BoreiKeila communities to see what they have faced. They was very upset with the government of Cambodia that did not coup with this issue for people in these communities. And they felt that they will meet this kind of problem if they are not organisedready. Visited BeungKak community.
20 Visited BoreiKeila community.
21 Village facilitator meeting at AEC’s office. They was discuss on the immediate and medium term objective in order to help their communities and strengthen Phnom Kuk network. And then, they was discussed on the activities that they will do in their own community and Phnom Kuk network.
22
Women groups in the new core villages had been trained on Anti-Nonviolence. They was very interesting in the training, and they wanted this kind of training more in their village because it can strengthen them in problem solving and make them confident in facing with any issues, especially, land issue without violence.
23

Youth and women in three communes (Anhchanh Rung, PichChangva, and Trapaing Chan) have trained on using computer and internet in order to enable them to use the modern technology in advocacy. They have learnt how to type and organise document, and they also learnt how to use internet to get and share information with others such as facebook, e-mail, and check website. Now, they can improve it little by little.
24
Youth networking: Youth representative had met with youth in Phnom Penh where they had conducted workshop in Kampong Chhnang province on August 2012. They had discussed about land issue within local and around Cambodia and also discussed on draft law related to land management. They had kwon that the land issue will be happened everywhere and they have to take consideration on this issue and participate with communities and youth network within the country.<
25 AEC supported the village support box in core village where they can manage the box well and use it in solving community problem.
26

Communities in Kompong Chhnang organize and protect their land from being taken by a company

Communities organized from village level up to a network covering parts of three districts (the Phnom Kuk Network). Community members understand relevant laws and their rights and dare to demand that their rights not be violated, as a result of capacity building by AEC (supported by the McKnight Foundation and Oxfam NOVIB) and various community and NGO networks. Communities in each village mobilized local resources to use in addressing community problems, such as helping the poorest families and disaster victims and, especially, dealing with problems related to violations of human rights and land rights. Community representatives met with local authorities at commune, district, and province levels many times to request intervention in these problems. In addition, community members went in large numbers to the site of the company to get them to stop clearing in the communities’ sacred area, where the communities held ceremonies every year. 400-500 people also went to the Boribor district office and Kompong Chhnang provincial office to get the authorities to intervene to protect community members’ private land and the communities’ collective land. The authorities conducted systematic measuring of the land community members had used in the past. A group of students sent by the Prime Minister measured land for community members in places where it overlapped the company’s concession. The provincial governor of Kompong Chhnang claimed that he would not let the company operate anywhere in the province without first thoroughly resolving conflicts with villagers .
Photos 1: Community organized Women Rights’ Day
27 The Phnom Kuk Community network Communities in Kompong Chhnang and Pursat provinces in the area around Phnom Kuk organized the Phnom Kuk network with facilitation from AEC (supported by the McKnight Foundation and Oxfam Novib and previously by other donors). There are 10 communes located around Phnom Kuk and AEC facilitated communities there in organizing a network. In 6 of the 10 communes AEC facilitated “core villages” and built communities’ understanding of land rights and economic, social and cultural rights (under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights). Communities feel that they are the owners of the network and have carried out numerous activities related to protecting forests and land in the area. In addition, the network has gone to help communities in other places, such as the Boeng Kak community, communities in the Prey Lang area, and communities in Kompong Speu province. In 2012 community leaders in the Phnom Kuk Network participated actively in the Multi-Sector Network in consulting with communities in their area in preparation for the ASEAN Grassroots People’s Assembly (AGPA). They also participated actively in organizing the ASEAN People’s Assembly and the associated campaign in Phnom Penh in November 2012. The ASEAN Grassroots People’s Assembly helped people understand the numerous problems that are occurring in the region that they are currently facing, such as problems related to violations of land rights and violations of workers’ rights, food problems, trade issues, and issues related to democracy. At the time of the Assembly, people carried a petition from communities to the National Assembly to get it to help address the problems that communities were concerned about. About 2000 people participated in the procession carrying the petition, including 100 people from the Phnom Kuk Network. They Phnom Kuk Network also contributed a small amount of resources in the preparation of the ASEAN Grassroots People’s Assembly and they organized themselves well during the entire time they participated in the Assembly. After the Assembly, authorities appeared to be more concerned about communities’ needs. The community members are brave and dare to participate in other big events that are organized and they hope to have another People’s Assembly.
28

Communities in Trapeang Chan commune and savings

AEC (with support from UNDP) facilitated savings in each village in Trapeang Chan commune and facilitated the different villages in saving collectively at commune level. Participation in savings has increased considerably. AEC provided $500 in additional funds for each of three villages (Kandal, Sanlang, and Trapeang Chan) in July 2012, and members of the savings associations continued to save. As of April 2013 the total of the commune level savings fund was $3000. The savings has been used for members to borrow at 2% interest per month. Members have borrowed money to use in their families, for income generation such as buying fertilizer to put on their ricefields, buying rice seed, buying fuel for farming, etc. As a result of participating in savings activities, most members have been able to reduce their borrowing from microfinance institutions that charge high interest rates. Therefore saving at commune level have helped to reduce expenditures on loans from outside, saving time and avoiding the threat of losing property if they can’t repay loans.

The Chan Trak and 185 Kathy Ta Chambak Thom Community Forests

The Chan Trak community forest is in Chan Trak village, Krang Skear commune, Teuk Phos district, Kompong Chhnang province, and the 185 Kathy Ta Chambak Thom community forest is in Trapeang Chan commune, Boribor district, Kompong Chhnang province. The two community forests were established with facilitation from AEC (supported by Oxfam GB and the EU) from 2005 to 2010, following the guidelines of the national Forestry Administration, but they did not yet complete all the necessary steps. Then, AEC (with support from the McKnight Foundation and Oxfam NOVIB) made an effort to encourage the communities to protect their forests and the resources in the forests to use sustainably to the present day. The two community forestry associations set up frequent forest patrols, at least once a month, and there are people who go into the forest to look for illegal activities. After the communities began to protect the forests effectively, local authorities supported including the community forests in the commune investment plans and supported the forest patrols; sometimes they participated in forest patrols and ordaining trees. In addition, the communities mobilized resources from members to support forest management. Monks also participated actively in protecting the community forests. The community forests became well known wildlife habitat because most other forests have been destroyed. Therefore important birds, including peacocks, have come to live in these forests. More importantly, livestock raised by community members have a place to graze. Protecting the communities’ forests has also contributed to climate change mitigation. They communities are happy that they have community forests to fulfill their needs and they participate actively in stopping all violations in the community forests. In 2013, some organizations, such as RECOFT, GERES, and Mlup Baitong came to help facilitate the continuation of the process in the 185 Kathy Ta Chambak Thom community forest, through the additional steps, encouraging them and helping them fulfill those things that AEC has not been able to help them do.

 
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